Grantee Corner | FY 2017 MSAP Cohort School Characteristics
Over the next few months, the Grantee Corner will showcase the general characteristics of the fiscal year (FY) 2017 Magnet Schools Assistance Program (MSAP) cohort overall to help magnet leaders better understand what the cohort looks like as a whole. This month the Grantee Corner highlights the FY 2017 MSAP cohort by free and reduced-price meals (FARM) eligibility, Title I status, and desegregation plan type.
Free and reduced-price meals. Student economic status is measured by the percentage of students eligible for the FARM program. Students eligible for free meals have family incomes at or below 130 percent of the poverty level, and students eligible for reduced-price meals have family incomes between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty level. In addition, students may be categorically eligible if they are homeless, migrants, enrolled in a Head Start program, or if they or a member of their household participates in an Assistance Program. Schools and LEAs in low-income areas can also use community eligibility to provide free meals to all students, if 40 percent of students are eligible for FARM without an application.
Of the 124 cohort schools, figure 1 shows that 92 percent of MSAP schools had 50 percent or more students eligible for the FARM program in school year 2018-19: 65 (52 percent) of the schools had more than 75 percent of students eligible for FARM, and 50 (40 percent) of the schools had 50 to 75 percent of students eligible for FARM. Only 9 (7 percent) of the schools had less than 50 percent of students eligible for FARM.
Title I. Title I, Part A of ESEA (Title I) provides financial assistance to districts and schools with high numbers or percentages of children from low-income families to help all children meet challenging state academic standards. Federal funds are currently allocated through four statutory formulas that are based on census poverty estimates and the cost of education in each state. Figure 2 shows that 82 percent of MSAP schools received Title I funds.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to total because of rounding.
Desegregation plans. MSAP projects must have required or voluntary desegregation plans with clearly defined admissions policies and procedures. A required plan is 1) implemented pursuant to a final order of a court of the United States, or a court of any State, or any other state agency or official of competent jurisdiction and 2) the order requires the desegregation of minority group segregated children or faculty in the elementary and secondary schools of that agency or those agencies. A voluntary plan is designed to reduce, eliminate or prevent minority group isolation that is being implemented on either a voluntary basis or as required under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Figure 3 shows 17 percent (21 schools) were under required plans, and 83 percent (103 schools) were under voluntary plans in Year 2.
Check back next month for more data on the FY 2017 cohort.
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